Maryland Abortion Laws


Code Section
Health & Gen. ยงยง20-207 to 214; 20-103

Statutory Definition of Illegal Abortion
Viability is defined as when, in M.D.’s best medical judgement, there is a reasonable likelihood of the fetus’ sustained survival outside the womb

Statutory Definition of Legal Abortion
Performed before fetus is viable or at anytime where termination procedure is necessary to protect life, health of woman or fetus is affected by serious genetic defect/abnormality (procedure must be least intrusive and not inconsistent with established medical practice)

Penalty
M.D. not liable if decision to abort made in good faith and in best medical judgment

Consent
M.D. may not perform an abortion on an unmarried minor unless M.D. first gives notice to parent or guardian, unless minor does not live with parent/guardian and reasonable efforts to give notice are unsuccessful or if in M.D.’s judgment notice to parent/guardian may lead to physical or emotional abuse, or the minor is mature and capable of informed consent or notice would not be in the best interest of minor

Residency
N/A

License
Licensed M.D.