Missouri Abortion Laws


Code Section
188.010 to 230

Statutory Definition of Illegal Abortion
Intentional destruction of the life of an embryo or fetus in the womb or intentional termination of pregnancy with intention other than live birth or removal of dead unborn child. Also, illegal to perform abortion for purpose of providing fetal organs/tissue for transplant or other purpose. Also, illegal to use public facilities, employees or funds for abortion, except where necessary to save mother’s life

Statutory Definition of Legal Abortion
After viability, necessary to preserve life, health of mother; (method used must be one most likely to preserve life, health of fetus unless greater risk to mother)

Penalty
Fine to $1,000; second degree murder to take the life of a child aborted alive; anyone not a physician attempting to perform an abortion or without privileges at hospital offering OB/Gyn care is guilty of Class B felony; Class A misdemeanor and revocation of M.D. or health practitioner’s license for committing or assisting in unlawful abortion; failure to maintain confidentiality: misdemeanor

Consent
Prior, informed, written consent of mother; if mother is less than 18 and unemancipated, informed written consent of one parent/guardian or court order

Residency
N/A

License
Licensed M.D. only. After 16 wks., must be performed in hospital; after viability, licensed M.D. must certify abortion necessary including medical indicators and method to be utilized with reasoning for decision; second M.D. must be in attendance to aid fetus; at 20 weeks, M.D. required to determine whether fetus is viable, using ordinary skill and care and testing